End Grain vs. Long Grain Cutting Board

When selecting a cutting board, one of the primary considerations is the grain of the wood, which can significantly impact the board’s durability, maintenance, and effect on knives. Two popular types are end grain and long grain (often called edge grain) cutting boards. Understanding the differences between these two can help you make an informed decision based on your cooking habits and preferences.

End Grain Cutting Board


  • Construction: Made from the ends of wood pieces, showing the wood fibers on the surface. The wood pieces are arranged vertically and glued together, creating a surface that looks like a checkerboard.


  • Knife-Friendly: The end grain surface is softer and more forgiving on knife edges, reducing dullness over time.
  • Self-Healing: The vertical wood fibers can close back up after being cut, making these boards more resistant to knife marks and easier to maintain.
  • Durability: Generally more durable and capable of withstanding heavy use without significant damage.


  • Cost: More labor-intensive to make, resulting in higher prices.
  • Maintenance: Requires regular oiling to prevent drying and cracking. More susceptible to warping if not properly cared for.
  • Weight: Tends to be heavier, making it less convenient to move and clean.

Long Grain (Edge Grain) Cutting Board


  • Construction: Made from wood pieces laid out side by side, showing the length of the wood grain. The pieces are arranged horizontally and glued together, offering a uniform and striped appearance.


  • Cost-Effective: Easier and less expensive to manufacture than end grain boards, making them more affordable.
  • Maintenance: Generally easier to maintain, requiring less oiling and care.
  • Lightweight: Usually lighter than end grain boards, making them easier to handle and clean.


  • Durability: More prone to showing knife marks and scratches since the wood fibers don’t “heal” like in end grain boards.
  • Knife Wear: Can be harder on knife edges, potentially leading to quicker dulling.
  • Aesthetics: While still attractive, they lack the unique checkerboard pattern of end grain boards.


Choosing between an end grain and long grain cutting board comes down to balancing aesthetics, budget, and practicality. If you’re a serious cook looking for a durable, knife-friendly option and don’t mind the additional maintenance and cost, an end grain cutting board is an excellent choice. However, if you prefer something more affordable, easier to maintain, and still adequately durable for everyday use, a long grain cutting board will serve you well. Both types, when properly cared for, can last for many years and become a valued part of your kitchen toolkit.

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Bubbly Chef author