How Long Do Smoker Pellets Last?

The longevity of smoker pellets can be considered in two contexts: their shelf life when stored and how long they last during a smoking session. Understanding both aspects can help you plan your smoking sessions more effectively and ensure you’re using your pellets in the most efficient way.

Shelf Life of Smoker Pellets

Storage Conditions Matter

  • Properly Sealed: When kept in a cool, dry place and properly sealed to protect them from moisture and humidity, high-quality smoker pellets can last for about 6 months to 2 years. Moisture is the biggest enemy of wood pellets, as it can cause them to swell, disintegrate, or develop mold.

Best Practices for Storage

  • Original Packaging: Keeping pellets in their original bag, ensuring it’s tightly sealed after each use, can help maintain their quality.
  • Airtight Containers: For added protection, transfer pellets to airtight containers or heavy-duty, sealable plastic bags.
  • Avoid Ground Contact: Store pellets off the ground in a dry area to prevent moisture absorption.

Usage Duration During Smoking

Factors Influencing Burn Rate

  • Smoker Efficiency: The design and efficiency of your pellet smoker play significant roles. Some models burn pellets more efficiently than others.
  • Temperature Settings: Higher cooking temperatures will consume pellets more quickly. For example, smoking at lower temperatures (225°F or 107°C) will use fewer pellets per hour compared to grilling at high temperatures (400°F or 204°C).
  • Environmental Conditions: Cold, windy, or humid conditions can increase pellet consumption as the smoker works harder to maintain the set temperature.

Average Consumption

  • General Guideline: On average, a pellet smoker will use about 1/2 to 2 pounds (about 0.23 to 0.91 kg) of pellets per hour during smoking at moderate temperatures. At higher grilling temperatures, this rate can increase to 3 pounds (about 1.36 kg) per hour or more.

Tips for Efficient Pellet Use

  1. Monitor Pellet Levels: Keep an eye on your pellet levels during long smoking sessions to ensure you don’t run out unexpectedly.
  2. Choose Quality Pellets: Higher quality pellets tend to burn more efficiently and provide better flavor.
  3. Adjust for Weather: Be prepared to use more pellets in cold or adverse weather conditions and consider insulating your smoker to improve efficiency.


The shelf life of smoker pellets can be significantly extended with proper storage, keeping them dry and protected from humidity. During use, the consumption rate of pellets will vary based on your smoker’s efficiency, the cooking temperature, and external environmental conditions. By understanding these factors, you can better estimate how many pellets you’ll need for your smoking sessions and ensure your pellets remain in good condition for future use.

Sharing is caring!

Bubbly Chef author